Culture of Kerala

History of Kerala Culture

The tradition of Kerala is an amalgamation of Aryan and Dravidian societies, created and blended by a considerable length of time, under influences from different parts of India and abroad. It is expressed by its relic and the natural coherence managed by the Malayalee. Present day Kerala society came to fruition due to migrations from various parts of India and abroad all through Traditional Ancient times. This has contributed a lot to the History of Kerala Culture.

Kerala indicates its non-ancient cultural beginning to its membership around the AD third century in an ambiguously characterized historical area known as Thamizhagom — a land characterized by a typical Tamil culture and including the Chera, Chola, and Pandya kingdoms. Around then, the music, dance, language (first Dravida Bhasha — “Dravidian language” — then Tamil), and Sangam (a tremendous quantity of Tamil write-ups formed between 1,500–2,000 years back) found in Kerala were all like that found in the rest of Thamizhagom (today’s Tamil Nadu). The art, music, and literature of Kerala developed through the Sanskritization of Dravidian philosophy, revivalism of religious developments and reform programs against cast inequity. Kerala platforms a culture matchless to itself created through adaptation, cultural assimilation and absorption of different resources of civilized way of life.

Kathakali- plays a major role in the history of Kerala culture

Local customs of traditional performing arts incorporate Koodiyattom, a style of Sanskrit dramatization or theater and an UNESCO-assigned Human Heritage Art. Kathakali from Katerumbu and Kali is a 500-year-old type of dance dramatization that explains antiquated legends; a promoted branch of Kathakali is Kerala Natanam (created in the twentieth century by artist Guru Gopinath). It has a major role in the history of Kerala culture. In the interim, Koothu is a more light-hearted performance mode, much the same as present day stand-up humor; an antiquated art initially bound to sanctuary asylums, it was later advanced by Mani Madhava Chakyar. Other Keralite art expressions incorporate Mohiniyaattam, which is a sort of elegant choreographed dance performed by ladies and joined by melodic vocalizations. Thullal, Thirayattam, Padayani, and Theyyam are other critical Keralite art expressions. Thirayattam is a standout amongst the most extraordinary Ethnic specialty of Kerala. This dynamic ceremonial yearly performing work of art performed in patios of “Kaavukal”(sacred forests) and village holy place.

Kumattikali-the Art of Kerala

Margam Kali is one of the antiquated round gathering dance performance of Kerala, followed by Saint Thomas Christians.

A considerable lot of these local artistic expressions generally presented for the tourist in many of the best places in Kerala Tourism Centers and at the youth celebrations. Now a day more contemporary art forms — including those based in mimicry and parody — have increased significant mass attention.

Fishing in Kerala Backwaters

Local Fishing in Kerala Backwaters

A far-reaching development was found in the Fishing in Kerala Backwaters and local fish production of the State through the realization of Matsya-Keralam venture. Matsya-Keralam was an incorporated venture, guaranteeing the support of Local autonomous government establishments and actualized in many districts of Kerala State. The Project visualized expanding aquaculture by 100% the then fish farming over a time of three years. Through the execution of the venture and its wide acknowledgment by Local bodies and agriculturists, the domestic fish farming of the State nearing the milestone and the present production is nearly 150000 tons. Under the management of Matsya-Keralam venture, in 773 Native Governing establishments aquaculture events were accomplished through numerous Fish Farmers Clubs. Many Aquaculture Co-ordinators were chosen to co-ordinate the aquaculture undertakings in the above Local bodies. Thousands of ranchers profited through this project. Performance of Fish Farmers Club encouraged aquaculture advancement and enhanced administration routines, data exchange, systematic and valuable contributions, crop protection insurance and marketing.

Saline water Aquaculture

Saline water Aquaculture is a vibrant field where progressive changes in the domain of innovation have occurred throughout the years. In India, salt water shrimp culture begun from the customary filtration fields has developed into technical and semi-intensive models of well-paid business endeavors. Though, the natural issues and repeated viral sickness have constrained this sector to re-place the system from intensive models to wide-range of practical aquaculture as of modern period. In the existence of regular episode of viral infection, shrimp agriculturists are looking forward for a substitute shrimps, fishes and crabs for aquaculture. CIBA has institutionalized the innovation for incubation center production of ocean bass Barramundi seed and its culture in various agro climatic environments.

Salt water Fish culture

 Fishing in Kerala Backwaters-Fish culture
Under the customary technique for saline water fish culture no particular stocking of species is done. A blend of fish, shrimps and all types of shellfishes get their way into the fields through tides where they are permitted to develop to attractive size before the catch. Through specific stocking of high yielding species and better administration the yield can be expanded significantly. The salt water species which are having more commercial value are the Milkfish Mullet and Pearl spot These species can be developed as monoculture or as polyculture with shellfishes with great profit.

Mussel Farming

Kerala Mussels
The green mussel and the dark colored mussel are right and proper for cultivating in the backwaters of Kerala. It is noticed north Kerala green mussel is the prospective species for cultivating. Green mussel is generally spread along the intertidal shoreline of Kerala from Kasaragod to Kollam. The dark colored mussel has a confined dissemination and is found along the south west drift from Varkala to Kanyakumari. The Green mussel is inexhaustibly dispersed in the intertidal beds of the backwaters and shoreline of Kerala.

Oyster Farming

native oyster - kerala
Kadal Muringa – the local name of Kerala Backwater Oyster is the most suitable species for cultivation in the backwaters and estuarine regions of Kerala. The backwaters of Kerala are blessed with an abundant resource of this species.

Backwater Crab Culture

It is very much accepted that modification of cultivation and farming practices has an imperative part in balanced growth of salt water aquaculture. Since shrimp cultivating has experienced a difficult time because of viral malady, a few farms remained stagnant for need of substitute species and innovation for culture. Significant attention has been manifested in crab culture since crabs has taken an important role in the seafood export of Kerala. The types of crabs obtainable in Kerala are Scylla serrata and Scylla tranquebarica.  There is a worldwide demand for crabs especially in South East Asia and Middle East nations. The cost fluctuates upon its size, meat content and the state of supply. Kerala is the best place to visit to enjoy the delicious crab meat mostly available in toddy shops, local restaurants, bars and homestay locations.

International Conference on Tourism Technology (ICTT) – 2017

The Minister of Kerala Inaugurates the International Tourism Conference in Kochi

Kochi Kerala

Kochi, Kadakampally Surendran, the Minister for Tourism Kerala, will officially launch the second version of International Conference on Tourism Technology (ICTT) advertised as nation’s greatest tourism innovation meet, on June 9. At 5PM at Le Meridian, Kochi-Kerala India. The meeting which is to be conducted from June 8 to 10 will concentrate on the significant features of business innovation association and operation.

About International Conference on Tourism Technology (ICTT)

International Conference on Tourism Technology

Organizing such an occasion emerged from the fast changing business environment where the tourism industry is vigorously subject to innovation and developments. The revolution is so rapid paced that getting up to speed to the pace has turned out to be exceptionally tough and when you adjust to one, the change may have turned out to be outdated. The progressions which are occurring over the web space, travel-related programming, mobile applications, the turnaround of promotion and sales tendencies and so forth motivates us to share and examine new thoughts through the stage given by the seminar.

Main Intention of the Seminar

The goal of this gathering is to set up the travel and tourism industrialists in India and nearby nations to comprehend the significance of web promotion, how to utilize the assets accessible online to initiate business, get contributions to adjusting to the changing innovation and gaining abilities to beat the race.

How you benefit out of it

The conference will include famous lecturers from wide-ranging environments giving talks and enjoyable sessions on different tourism related subjects. The possibility of the meeting being to help the lodgings and tour administrators in comprehension in how to market, vend and create business on the web, it would help tour administrators and travel operators to adjust to new styles and help enhance producing enquiries and mounting up transformation levels. It would likewise be a stage for Travel Technology organizations who have established new programming and mobile applications to exhibit their creation and talk about upgrades and novelties.

The sessions will help the entrepreneurs to get an insight into the travel technology pattern was yesterday, is today and will be in future. It will be excellent battery charging 2 days of awareness for the specialists and additionally the beginners. Other than it will be awesome chance to coordinate with the most elite in the industry. It would likewise be a chance to network and connect with well experienced speakers of different nationalities on various subject of specialization. It would be ideal if you take note of the limited availability of the seats. As we all know this event is going to be one of the milestones in the Tourism Industry,  My Travel & Tour Guide wishes all the best for its success.





Monsoon of Kerala

Beautiful Monsoon of Kerala

The nature of the Monsoon of Kerala  is quite different from other states of India; it usually does not possess the style of nonstop repetition for many days. Normally it rains for hours and followed by unclouded breaks. But it is also noted that rarely the rain may extent for few days but the delay for the daylight is not too long. It is an awesome experience to see the sun penetrating through the rainy coconut palm and green forest. The brilliant intervals offer a balance to maintain the normal flow of life.
The State of Kerala has two dominant showery seasons. In the month of June, is also called Edavappathy, in Malayalam, reaches the Southwest Monsoon.

Thulavarsham – The clouds of Bay of Bengal

The Northeast Monsoon is observed by the half of October. As per the calendar of Kerala this month is named as Thulam and thus the name Thulavarsham, means “The Rain that receives during Thulam”. These rain clouds are from the Bay of Bengal. The Western Ghats of Kerala bordering Palakkad carries the rain clouds through the gap. The spinning crowding and blowing of the northeast wind is an amazing experience in the month of Thulam and Kerala is the best place to visit to enjoy the unique encounter with nature.

Monsoon of Kerala
Extreme commitment and preparation is required for most of the art systems of Kerala. The body and mind should be more alert and flexible to practice most of the Kerala art forms. Ayurvedic therapy is a must for the artist to attain the flexibility and fitness during the training. Monsoon season is also the time for rejuvenation of body and alertness of mind to attain the capability and fitness of the artist by using special Ayurvedic oil messages and medicines.
When the nature gets back with the rain, it is a cleansing and transformation time for humans also. As per the traditional belief of Ayurveda, the rainy season is the most suitable time for best herbal therapies. The rain brings a dust free environment and cool atmosphere, which helps to open the minute pores of our skin to its optimum level, helping to give the best response to traditional oil therapy.

The well-timed beginning of South Monsoon of 2017 over Kerala on May 30 has fetched sparkle to the state by giving the initial signals of showers in almost all the districts of Kerala. From small rainy clouds to heavy rains promising its blessings without fail.

Role of Elephants in the Culture of Kerala

Kerala Elephants

This piece of writing uncovers the Role of Elephants in the Culture of Kerala, the State of South India.

Almost all of the temple celebrations in Kerala include at least one elaborately decorated elephant. Elephants carry the idol throughout yearly celebration parades and ritualistic circumambulation in the Hindu temples. The temple elephants are ornamented with gold-plated caparisons (“nettipattam”), bells, and charms. People climb up on the elephants hold tinselled silk umbrellas (“muttukuda”) up high, oscillation white tufts (“vencamaram”) and peacock feather fans (“alavattam”) to the tempo of the traditional drums (chenda). Seventeen elephants are engaged for the daily ceremonial rounds to the accomplishment of Pancari Melam in Kudalmanikyam temple. The headgear of seven of these elephants is made of pure gold and rest of pure silver, which is unique to this temple. The role of Elephants in the culture of Kerala influences the social life, festivals and other  important religious functions of Kerala.

Role of Elephants in the Culture of Kerala
Majority of the Hindu sanctuaries in Kerala own elephants, and a great number of which are offered by disciples. The renowned Guruvayur temple has more than 60 elephants. The world’s only Elephant Palace is located in Punnattur Kotta, 3 km from the Guruvayur temple, to house the temple’s elephants. A famous elephant, named Guruvayur Kesavan, belonged to this temple. Guruvayur temple is best place in Kerala in India to have more insight into the study of tamed elephants and the Role of Elephants in the Culture of Kerala.
Each elephant has three mahouts, called paappan in the Malayalam language. The most important duty of the mahouts is to bathe and massage the elephant with small rocks, and the husk of coconuts. In the monsoon season, the elephants undergo Ayurvedic rejuvenation treatments which include decoctions with herbs, etc. It is called Sukha Chikitsa in the Malayalam language.

Elephants desplayed in Temple Festival of Kerala

Thrissur pooram and the Role of Elephants in the Culture of Kerala

One of the famous families in Thrissur District of Kerala, the Venkitadri family, has made ornaments for three generations, especially for the famous Thrissur pooram, the most famous of the Hindu temple-centred festivals. They make gold plated caparisons, umbrellas, ‘alavattam, venchamaram, and necklaces. They decorate one hundred and fifty elephants with ornaments for temple festivals. Thrissur Pooram, Nenmara Vallangi Vela are some of the famous festivals in kerala in which more decorated elephants are used for procession.
In November 2014, Mathrubhumi the daily newspaper reported the incident of a tamed elephant, Indrajit, being released to the wild because of the care and affection (and not because of financial constraints) the elephant’s owner, Mr T R Raghulal (managing director of Elite Group of Companies), has towards the elephant. To avoid troubles a tamed elephant may face in the wild, special arrangements were made by the forest-wildlife departments of the Government of Kerala, to ensure a smooth transition. The elephant is 15 years old and is expected to live for another 50 years.  Elephants have huge market value in a state like Kerala.

Martial Arts of Kerala and its Tradition

Kerala Martial Arts – Kalaripayattu

Kalaripayattu is one of the renowned Martial arts of Kerala, which originated  in  North Malabar, Kerala . The word Kalari first appears in the Tamil Sangam literature to describe both a battlefield and combat arena. The word Kalari tatt denoted a martial feat, while kalari kozhai meant a coward in war. Each warrior in the Sangam era received regular military training. It is considered to be one of the oldest fighting systems in existence. It was originally practiced in northern and central parts of Kerala and southern parts of Tamil Nadu.

Kalaripayattu - The Traditional Martial Arts of Kerala
Elements from the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, as well as finger movements in the nata dances, were incorporated into the fighting arts. A number of South Asian fighting styles remain closely connected to yoga, dance and performing arts. Some of the choreographed sparring in kalaripayat can be applied to dance and kathakali dancers who knew kalaripayat were believed to be markedly better than other performers.

Kalaripayattu had developed into its present form by the 6th century, during an extended period of warfare between the Chera and Chola dynasties. Kalaripayattu includes strikes, kicks, grappling, preset forms, weaponry and healing methods. Regional variants are classified according to geographical position in Kerala; these are the Northern style from Malabar region in north Kerala practiced by the Central style from inner Kerala and the southern style from Thiruvitankoor. Northern kalaripayattu is based on elegant and flexible movements, evasions, jumps and weapons training, while the southern “Adi Murai” style primarily follows the hard impact based techniques with priority on empty hand fighting and pressure point strikes. Both systems make use of internal and external concepts.

Traditional Martial Art of Kerala
India Kalaripayattu Traditional Kerala Martial Art

Rebirth of  Martial Arts of Kerala

The resurgence of public interest in kalaripayattu began in the 1920s in Thalassery, as part of a wave of rediscovery of the traditional arts throughout south India and continued through the 1970s surge of general worldwide interest in martial arts. It has featured in international and Indian films such as Ondanondu Kaladalli (Kannada) (1978), Asoka (2001), The Myth (2005), The Last Legion (2007), Manasara (2010), Urumi (film) (2011), Commando (2013), Baaghi (2016), Veeram (2016 film) (2016).

Techniques of Kalaripayattu

Kalaripayattu techniques are a combination of steps (Chuvatu) and postures (Vadivu). Chuvatu literally means ‘steps’, the basic steps of the martial arts. Vadivu literally means ‘postures’ or stances are the basic characteristics of Kalaripayattu training. Named after animals, they are usually eight in number. Styles differ considerably from one tradition to another. Not only do the names of poses differ, the masters also differ about application and interpretation. Each stance has its own style, power combination, function and effectiveness. These techniques vary from one style to another. North Malabar is the best place in kerala to visit to make research, practice and learn Kalaripayattu and even there are many centers to attract tourists by displaying the shows of Kalaripayattu.

Marmashastram and Massage

It is claimed that learned warriors can disable or kill their opponents by merely touching the correct marmam (vital point). This is taught only to the most promising and level-headed persons, to discourage misuse of the technique. Marmashastram stresses on the knowledge of marmam and is also used for marma treatment (marmachikitsa). This system of marma treatment comes under siddha vaidhyam, attributed to the sage Agastya and his disciples.
As a result of learning about the human body, Indian martial artists became knowledgeable in the field of traditional medicine and massage. Kalaripayattu teachers often provide massages (uzhichil) with medicinal oils to their students in order to increase their physical flexibility or to treat muscle injuries encountered during practice. Such massages are generally termed thirumal and the unique massage given to increase flexibility is known as katcha thirumal. It is said to be as sophisticated as the uzhichil treatment of ayurveda. Kalaripayattu has borrowed extensively from Ayurveda and equally lends to it.

Mural Art of Kerala (Wall Painting)

 Mural Art of Kerala

The Mural Art of Kerala is the frescos depicting mythology and legends, which are drawn on the walls of temples and churches in South India, principally in Kerala. Ancient temples, churches and palaces in Kerala, South India, display an abounding tradition of mural paintings mostly dating back between the 9th to 12th centuries CE when this form of art enjoyed Royal patronage.

Mural Art of Kerala

Fresco-Secco the mural art of Kerala

Fresco-secco (or a secco or fresco finto) is a wall painting technique where pigments mixed with an organic binder and/or lime are applied onto a dry plaster. The masterpieces of Kerala mural art include: The Shiva Temple in Ettumanoor, the Ramayana murals of Mattancherry Palace and Vadakkumnatha kshetram. The “Gajendra Moksham” mural painting in the Krishnapuram Palace near Kayamkulam, the Anantha Shayanam mural painting in the Pallikurup Mahavishnu Temple, Mannarkkad Palakkad District and the mural paintings in the sanctum of Padmanabha temple at Thiruvananthapuram are very famous. Some of the oldest, largest, and best executed murals in Kerala are to be found in the churches at Cheppad, Alappuzha (dozens of panels on the three walls of the Madhbaha depicting scenes from OT and NT), Paliekkara, Thiruvalla (a dozen panels, scenes from NT), Angamaly (esp. huge murals “Hell”, and “Last Judgement”), and Akapparambu.


Murals (wall-painting) of Kerala

The murals of Thirunadhikkara Cave Temple (now ceded to Tamil Nadu) and Tiruvanchikulam are considered the oldest relics of Kerala’s own style of murals. Fine mural paintings are depicted in temples at Trikodithanam, Ettumanur, Vaikom, Pundarikapuram, Udayanapuram, Triprangode, Guruvayoor, Kumaranalloor, Aymanam, the Vadakkunathan temple in Trichur, the Thodeekkalam temple in Kannur and the Sri Padmanabhaswamy temple at Thiruvananthapuram. Other mural sites are in the churches at Ollur, Chalakkudy, Angamaly, Akapparambu, Kanjoor, Paliekkara, Edappally, Vechur, Cheppad and Mulanthuruthy, and at palaces such as the Krishnapuram Palace near Kayamkulam and the Padmanabhapuram Palace. Most of the art galleries are the best place in kerala to visit not only for murals, is has more to offer in the styles of contemporary and modern art also.

The traditional style mural art form, using natural pigments and vegetable colours, is being revived by a new genre of artists actively involved in researching and teaching mural art at the Sree Sankara Sanskrit College in Kalady and also at a mural art school associated with the Guruvayoor temple.

Kerala Backwaters and its Significance

Kerala Backwaters

The Kerala backwaters are a chain of brackish lagoons and lakes lying parallel to the Arabian Sea coast (known as the Malabar Coast) of Kerala state in southern India. The network includes five large lakes linked by canals, both man-made and natural, fed by 38 rivers, and extending virtually half the length of Kerala state.
The Kerala Backwaters are a network of interconnected canals, rivers, lakes and inlets, a labyrinthine system formed by more than 900 km of waterways, and sometimes compared to the American Bayou. In the midst of this landscape there are a number of towns and cities, which serve as the starting and end points of backwater cruises. National Waterway 3 from Kollam to Kottapuram, covers a distance of 205 km and runs almost parallel to the coast line of southern Kerala facilitating both cargo movement and backwater tourism.
Vembanad is the largest of the lakes, covering an area of 2033 km². The lake has a large network of canals that meander through the region of Kuttanad.
Many unique species of aquatic life including crabs, frogs and mudskippers, water birds such as terns, kingfishers, darters and cormorants, and animals such as otters and turtles live in and alongside the backwaters. Palm trees, pandanus shrubs, various leafy plants and bushes grow alongside the backwaters, providing a green hue to the surrounding landscape.

Kerala Backwaters and Tourism

Kerala BackwatersThe kettuvallams (Kerala houseboats) in the backwaters are one of the prominent tourist attractions in Kerala. More than 2000 kettuvallams ply the backwaters. The Kerala government has classified the tourist houseboats as platinum, gold and silver. The kettuvallams were traditionally used as grain barges, to transport the rice harvested in the fertile fields alongside the backwaters. Thatched roof covers over wooden hulls, 100 feet (30 m) in length, provided protection from the elements. At some point in time the boats were used as living quarters by the royalty. Converted to accommodate tourists, the houseboats have become floating cottages having a sleeping area, with western-style toilets, a dining area and a sit out on the deck. Most tourists spend the night on a houseboat. Food is cooked on board by the accompanying staff – mostly having a flavor of Kerala. The houseboats are of various patterns and can be hired as per the size of the family or visiting group. Alappuzha is the best place in kerala to visit to enjoy the countryside beauty, the traditional cuisines and backwater experience.

Ferry services

Ferry Services of Kuttanad
Regular ferry services connect most locations on both banks of the backwaters. The Kerala State Water Transport Department operates ferries for passengers as well as tourists. It is the cheapest mode of transport through the backwaters.

Boat races

Chundan vallams or snake boats are narrow boats over 100 feet (30 m) long, with a raised prow that stands 10 feet (3.0 m) above water and resembles the hood of a snake. Traditionally these were used by local rulers to transport soldiers during waterfront wars. In modern times, it has spawned a new sport – the Vallam Kali (boat race). Each chundan vallam accommodates about a hundred muscular oarsmen. Boat races are occasions of great excitement and entertainment with thousands gathered on the banks to watch and cheer. Most of these races are held in the Kuttanad Region. The boat races start with Champakulam Moolam Boat Race which is held on the Pamba River in the village Champakulam. When Jawaharlal Nehru visited Kerala in 1952, four traditional chundan valloms went to receive him. A snake boat race was organized for him. He was so impressed that when he went back to Delhi, he sent back a gleaming silver trophy for a boat race. Even today, the 1.5 km Nehru Trophy Boat Race is the most prestigious.

Kerala Boat Race in Allapuzha
Backwater locations:

Kuttanadu is a region covering the Alappuzha and Kottayam Districts, in the state of Kerala, India, well known for its vast paddy fields and geographical peculiarities. The region has the lowest altitude in India, and is one of the few places in the world where farming is carried around 1.2 to 3.0 metres (4 to 10 ft) below sea level. Four of Kerala’s major rivers, the Pamba, Meenachil, Achankovil and Manimala flow into the region. Kuttanadu is historically important in the ancient history of South India and is the major rice producer in the state. It is also well known for its boat races. Vembanad Lake, the largest lake in Kerala is at the heart of the Backwater tourism with hundreds of kettuvallams plied on it and numerous resorts on its banks. The Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary is located on the east coast of the lake. The lake has become a major tourist attraction. The major occupation in Kuttanadu is farming, with rice the most important agricultural product.Kuttanad-Kerala

Kollam (earlier known as Quilon) was one of the leading trade centers of the ancient world, eulogized by travellors such as Ibn Battuta and Marco Polo. It is also the starting point of the backwater waterways. The Ashtamudi Kayal, known as the gateway to the backwaters, covers about 30 per cent of Kollam. Sasthamcotta Kayal, the large fresh water lake is 28.5 km from Kollam city.
Islands of Kollam
Islands are the eye-catching factors as well as the beauty of Lake Ashtamudi, Kollam. Most of these islands are potential tourism spots in the state. The Indian Railways also planning to develop one of the islands in Kollam for a tourism project. There are big as well as small islands which are inhabited and uninhabited by human beings. There are more than 15 islands in Ashtamudi Lake.
Estuaries of Paravur
Paravur Estuaries lie near to the south-western coast of Kollam. The place is world-famous for its natural beauties, backwater locations, white-sand beaches and concentration of temples in every square kilometer. The peninsula of Paravur is one of the most visited in Kollam district.
Munroe Island
Munroethuruth or Munroe Island is a place surrounded by Kallada River, Ashtamudi Lake and Sasthamkotta Lake in Kollam district, Munroe Island is a cluster of eight tiny islands, blessed with a number of criss-cross canals and zigzag water channels, this Island plays a host to many migratory birds from various countries around the world. Coir making is a home industry to almost all the village living people. It is very interesting to watch the coir making by the village ladies with the help of weaving Wheels. They make the coir ropes by hand. In addition to this, on the way, you can see the process of extracting coconut oil from the “copra” [dried coconut]. Among the routine traditional engagements, duck, poultry farm and prawn breeding are common in all houses.