Agra-Uttar Pradesh

Best Places to Visit Agra Image credit : Yann; CC-BY-SA-3.0.

Agra-Uttar Pradesh - Best 6 Places To Visit

Embedded in the heart of India is Uttar Pradesh, the home to Ayodhya and Mathura, birth place of Lord Rama and Lord Krishna, where cultures have evolved and religions converge. The vastness of Uttar Pradesh lies in this juncture, as well as in the rise of cultural and religious traditions along some of the greatest rivers in the Indian sub-continent – the Ganga and the Yamuna and one of the seven wonders in the world Taj Mahal, in Agra.

 

The Taj Mahal

Image credit : Truemitra CC-BY-3.0 Taj Mahal Agra

Taj Mahal Agra was assigned as an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for being "the gem of Muslim craftsmanship in India and one of the globally respected monuments of the world's legacy". Portrayed by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore as "the tear-drop on the cheek of time", it is considered as the best evidence of Mughal design and an image of India's rich history, and is presently accepted as a landmark of sincere love. The Taj Mahal draws about 7–8 million guests every year. In 2007, it was pronounced as the champ of the New 7 Wonders of the World. The Taj Mahal was structured utilizing materials from all over Asian countries. It is assumed that more than 1,000 elephants were utilized for moving building materials during its construction. It was opened in 1632 by the Mughal ruler, to abode the tomb of his most beloved spouse, Mumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal signifies the most excellent architectural and imaginative realization through wonderful coordination and outstanding artistry in a whole variety of Indo-Islamic sepulchral construction. It is a masterwork of architectural style in perception, management and implementation and has distinctive aesthetic abilities in balance, symmetry and musical blending of various components. The most inspiring in the Taj Mahal complex next to the vault, is the main doorway which stands regally in the center of the southern divider of the courtyard. The principle finial was initially made of gold however was supplanted by a copy made of gilt bronze in the mid nineteenth century. This element gives a perfect model of combination of customary Persian and Hindu attractive components. The finial is topped by a moon, a typical Islamic theme whose horns point heavenward. At the highest point of the tower is a last gallery surmounted by a chattri that mirrors the plan of those on the tomb. Besides Taj Mahal, Agra Fort is also one of the best places to visit Agra

How To Reach The Taj Mahal

Timings: Every Day, (except Friday), Sunrise to Sunset Night, 8:30 PM to 12:30 AM (On Full moon night, two days before and two days after)

Entry Fee: Rs.1000/- Foreigners

Photography: Prohibited inside the main tomb

  • By Plane : Distance from the Domestic terminal at Agra is 8.9Km. (5.5Mi)
  • By Train : Available from Delhi and Mumbai frequently, get down at Agra Cantt station.
  • By bus : A number of buses connect Agra with Delhi. It takes around 4-5 hours to reach Agra by bus.
FACT FILE - THE TAJ MAHAL - AGRA
Do’s Security is tight and guidelines and directions are vital and must be taken after at the Taj Mahal.
No Polluting vehicles are permitted inside 500 mts. Span of Taj Mahal. Parking Facility is accessible. Wheelchairs for incapacitated people and First Aid Boxes are accessible at A.S.I. Office inside the Taj Mahal complex.
Taj Museum inside the Taj Complex opens from 10.00-17.00 (free).
Don’ts Eating and smoking is not allowed inside the Taj Mahal. Arms, and ammos, fire smoking things, tobacco items, alcohol, eatables, earphones, blades, wire, portable charger electric merchandise (aside from camera), Tripods are likewise denied.
Cell phones are to be kept turned off.
Also please try to abstain from conveying huge packs and books inside the landmark, this may add your security check time.
Abstain from touching and scratching the walls and surfaces of the landmark.

Agra Fort - The Marvelous Architecture

Agra Fort was the royal house of the Mughal Empire situated in Agra. It is one of the UNESCO World Heritage site and is around 2.5 km northwest of its more celebrated fellow landmark, the Taj Mahal. The castle can be more precisely portrayed as a walled city. The fortification has a half circle style, its harmony lies parallel to the stream and its dividers are seventy feet high. Two of the stronghold's doors are outstanding: the "Delhi Entrance" and the "Lahore Entrance. The site is very significant and has a prominent space in the Indian history.

The Red Sandstone Agra Fort constructed by Akbar, when he was through with the establishment of his power after coming to power in 1558. The Agra Fort functioned as military tactical center as well as the imperial palace. After Ibrahim Lodi of Panipat was conquered and killed in 1526, Agra performed a very prominent role in Mughal Empire. It was in an abandoned stage. After Akbar made his decision to make Agra as his capital, he arrived here and reconstructed the Red Fort with red sandstone. Architects made the base and it was built with blocks in the inner core with sandstone on external surfaces. Some 4,000 builders worked on it daily for eight years, completing it in 1573

The famous historian of the court of Akbar, Abul Fazl documented that more than 5000 buildings where made here in the stylish Gujarati and Bengali style. A great majority of them have been vanished now. In order to make space for the white dream palace, Shah Jahan himself has demolished a great number of them. When British came to power, they have also ruined many buildings for making camps. On the Southeastern side some 30 Mughal Monuments have outlived. Among these the Bengali-Mahal, Akbari-Gate, and Delhi Gate, are the typical buildings erected during the period of Akbar.

How To Reach Agra Fort - The Marvelous Architecture

Timings: Visiting Hours - 6.00 AM - 6.00 PM
Entry Fee: Entry fee for Foreigners : Rs.500
Photography: Travelers are informed to hire authorized guides & photographers who exhibit their I D cards.
Distance from the Domestic terminal at Agra is 8.9Km. (5.5Mi)

  • By Train : Available from Delhi and Mumbai frequently, get down at Agra Cantt station.
  • By bus : Many buses connect Agra with Delhi. It takes around 4-5 hours to reach Agra by bus.
FACT FILE – AGRA-UTTAR PRADESH
Gardens Ram Bagh: The first Mughal gardens, built by the first Mughal Emperor Babar, 500 m North of the Chini Ka Rauza.

Mehtab Bagh: These botanical gardens give you a chance to view the Taj away from the crowds of tourists.

Temples Temples: Balkeshwar Temple, at Balkeshwar, at the river side of Yamuna
Mankameshwar Temple, at Rawatpara, near Agra Fort railway station
Kailash Temple, at Sikandra, at the river Yamuna.
Prithvinath Temple, at Shahganj, on road to Jaipur.
Rajeshwar Temple, at Village Rajpur. On road to Shamshabd.
Shyam Ji Maharaj Temple at Bijlighar.
Mahakal and Mahakali Temple, at Sikandra railway crossing on Sikandra Bodla road.
Rawli Maharaj Temple, At Collectrate crossing, beside the railway track. (Very old temple.)
Monuments Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb. Includes many elements of the Taj Mahal

Fatehpur Sikri: The Mughal Emperor Akbar built Fatehpur Sikri about 35 km (22 mi) from Agra A World Heritage Site, it is often visited by tourists.
Mariam's Tomb: The tomb of the wife of great Mughal Emperor Akbar.
Sikandra, -10 km north of Agra on the Agra Delhi highway. Open from sunrise to sunset. The tomb of Akbar

Other Attractions Keetham Lake: It is situated about 7 km. (4.3 miles) from the Akbar tomb in Agra, within the Surdas Reserved Forest. The river has a remarkable variety of aquatic life and water birds.

Jama Masjid. A large mosque attributed to Princess Jahanara Begum, built in 1648

Fairs and Festivals Taj Mahotsav: An outstanding number of Indian and outside travelers coming to Agra to join this merriment in the month of February. It makes accessible handicraft products and superior art products at realistic costs.

Ram Barat: It is one of the greatest yearly Hindu festivals in North India.

Kailash Fair: The Kailash Fair is held in the city of Kailash, around 12 km (7 mi) from Agra, in the month of August/September. It is a notable festival celebrated to pay tribute to Shiva (Hindu god)

Shopping Make sure that you are not guided to any of the shops by any one. Guides get commission for bringing customers to the shops. Leather goods, stone carved items, jewelry and handicrafts are popular.

Mathura - Uttar Pradesh

Mathura - Uttar Pradesh

Mathura -  Uttar Pradesh: Shri Krishna Janmbhoomi is a Hindu Temple complex situated in the heart of the city of Mathura. Hindus consider it as a standout amongst the most holy place, as they consider that the temple remains on a similar place where the Hindu god Krishna took his birth. The complex has a Keshavdev temple where profound atmosphere could be felt in the course of morning supplication (Mangla Aarti). The sanctuary complex has a historical center, where various articles unearthed from the site identified with the story of Sri Krishna’s birth are shown. The Dwarkadheesh Temple, constructed in 1814, is a dominant temple in the main point of Mathura town. This is the place where Mathura gets the most number of visitors and is controlled by the followers of Vallabhacarya. When you enter this sanctuary from the road side, it is genuinely exciting architecturally. It is situated in the eastern section of Mathura - Uttar Pradesh, not a long way from the Yamuna River. The temple is a center point of functions amid the merry days of Holi, Janmashtami and Divali.

Mathura is only an hour's drive from Agra, the whole land is spotted with glorious sanctuaries, devoted to different aspects of Lord Krishna’s life. The twin holy cities of Mathura and Vrindavan, where Krishna was born and where he grew up, still resonate to the sound of his laughter, activities and his mesmerized flute.

Followers who visit this place from all over the world crowd here to learn about the simple beginnings of the Hindu God. The city has many small and enormous sanctuaries. Alongside many ghats on the waterway Yamuna where Hindus taking a dip in the evenings, is a common ritual and a part of their custom.

Mathura has influenced a great deal towards Indian Culture through its rich legacy. The culture of Mathura, and certainty the entire of Braj Mandal is focused on Krishna and his stories. Mathura witnesses enriched activities amid the significant festivals committed to Krishna.

How To Reach Mathura - Uttar Pradesh

Timing : All days of the week 5:00 AM - 12:00 PM(Summer) 4:00 PM - 9:30 PM(Summer) 5:30 AM - 12:00 PM(Winter) 3:00 PM - 8:30 PM(Winter)

  • By train :Most trains between Delhi and Agra halt in Mathura. The journey from Delhi takes 2-3 hours.
  • By road : Mathura is well connected to Delhi, state capital - Lucknow and all major cities by road.
  • By air : Nearest airport is Agra-Kheria Airport. It is 50 km from Mathura. Delhi International Airport is 150 km from Mathura.
FACT FILE - MATHURA-UTTAR PRADESH
Temples Gita Mandir: The temple carvings and art works are a remarkable enticement.Dwarkadheesh Temple: Built in 1814, it is the primary temple in the town.

Jaigurudeo Temple: It is a distinctive temple in that you are disallowed from giving offerings if you are a non-vegetarian.

Bankey Bihari Temple: This is well- known temple in Mathura and many individuals including VIPs from all India visit the temple consistently.

Fort Old Fort: It's the important Quila in Mathura to shield the city from Yamuna River if this Quila was not constructed then it would have annihilated the City.
Landmark Vishram Ghat: The holy spot where Lord Krishna is accepted to have rested in the wake of killing the despot Kansa.
To Do Boating: You can do boating in the river Yamuna and visit to Durvasa Rishi Temple which is on the opposite side of the waterway and go to Hansiya Rani ghat which was constructed during the period of Rani Hansiya.Government Museum: The gallery houses relics ceramics, statues, works of art, drawings and coins basically from in and around Mathura, in addition to revelations made by noted foreign archeologists The exhibition hall is popular for antiquated figures of the Mathura school dating from third century BC to twelfth century AD.
Shopping Leather shoes from factory Outlets on NH-2 (towards Agra), Sweets, Clothes, Brass/ Copper Pooja Articles, and Handicrafts.

Vrindavan

Image credit : Atarax42 CC BY-SA 3.0 Vrindavan

Vrindavan. The town remains on the former woodland of Vrindavana where the Hindu god Krishna spent his youth. Various occasions are said to have happened here: This is the place where Krishna did the celestial dance with Gopis (Maharaas), spread the message of heavenly love with his partner Radha, stole the garments of the bathing ladies (gopis), and defeated many evil presences. Therefore, it is a major pilgrimage spot for Hindus in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Vrindavan is similarly called the "city of widows" because of the vast number of dowagers who move into the town and encompassing region in the wake of losing their spouses. There are an expected 15,000 to 20,000 dowagers who always involved in singing bhajan psalms in bhajan ashrams. An association called Guild was framed to help these denied ladies and youngsters. As indicated by an overview report arranged by the local governing body, several programs are operated by the legislature and distinctive NGOs for dowagers.

How To Reach Vrindavan

  • By Train : The nearest train station is Vrindavan's twin holy town Mathura, 12 km (20 min) away by rickshaw. Vrindavan is about 50 km from Agra, which hosts the Taj Mahal. It is connected with Delhi, Agra and Jaipur.

Entry into all temples is free.
Many temples prohibit photography inside, so enquire when in doubt.

FACT FILE – VRINDAVAN-UTTAR PRADESH
Temples Rangji Mandir: The distinct largest temple in Vrindavan, built in 1851. The 50-ft high wooden chariot, taken out for festivals and the 50-ft high gold-plated column known as Dhwaja Stambha are popular.

Krishna Balaram Mandir, better known as the ISKCON Temple. Free breakfast and lunch are available here.

Bihariji: The well-known temple in Vrindavan, home to a Krishna idol.

Garden Seva Kunj: filled with tulsi (holy basil) herbs, Hindus believe this is the garden where Krishna and his lover Radha spent.
Historic Landmark Kesi Ghat, by the Yamuna. According to the legend, this is where Krishna killed the demon Kesi.
Mandir Govinda Dev Mandir. Built by Raja Sawai Man Singh of Jaipur in 1590.
Things to do Parikrama This is performed by Hindu pilgims by walking along the path of parikrama about 6km, usually starts in the morning from ISKCON temple.

Attend the Sandhya (Evening) Aarti. at ISKCON temple held at 7:00 PM in summer and 6:30 PM in winter. It's a beautiful spiritual performance of bajans, dancing and chanting of manthras.

The Brahmotsava Festival, draws more than 100000 visitors, which is usually celebrated after the popular Holi festival in February/March held for ten days and it the largest in Vrindavan.

Caution Vrindavan is totally alive with monkeys, who are clever at stealing cameras, glasses, food and anything if you fail your attention.

Varanasi

Image credit : Ken Wieland CC-BY-SA-2.0 Varanasi

Varanasi The city is sacrosanct to Hindus and Jains furthermore one of the most ancient and eternally occupied urban areas on the planet, with settlements going back to the eleventh century BC. The sight of pilgrims doing their observances in the River Ganga at dawn set against the environment of the ancient temple is likely a standout amongst the most remarkable wonders on the planet. Most of the Hindus assume that taking their last breath in Varanasi brings salvation/nirvana thus they make their journey to the city when they understand that they are near to the end of their life. It is undoubtedly one of the most important holy place for Hindus in Uttar Pradesh

How To Reach Varanasi

  • By plane : Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport is located 25km northwest of the city.
  • By train : There are many trains from Delhi, Agra, Lucknow, Mumbai and Kolkata. Varanasi has three major railway stations: Varanasi Junction Manduadih Railway Station and Mughal Sarai Junction.
  • By bus : All major North Indian cities are connected by bus to Varanasi
FACT FILE – VARANASI-UTTAR PRADESH
Get around Walk around: Walking visits are the best approach to see the areas of the harder-to-discover sights, for example, the Flower Market and Ayurvedic Herb Market.

Cycle-rickshaw and auto-rickshaw: The noisy avenues of Varanasi are sometimes too long to cover by foot. Hence, it will be helpful to go by cycle rickshaw or auto-rickshaw. It is very cheap to travel for a short distance by rickshaw.

By bike: Bicycle rental is accessible from nearby merchants.

Attractions of Varanasi Ghats and the River Ganges: The River Ganga is a holy stream for the Hindus and you will see customary ceremonies and bathing happening throughout the day. Ganga is bordered by 84 ghats, or steps driving down to the waterway, extending for 6.8km, the best alternative for viewing the ghats is to hire a small boat and go along the river.

Religious structures: Nepali Hindu Temple: (golden temple built in Nepali Style)

Shri Kashi Vishwanth Temple (Golden Temple) Security is tight and it is difficult for foreigners to get in. No packs, cellphones or pens are permitted.

Sankat Mochan Temple. The celebrated Hanuman temple, home to a huge number of monkeys. Security is tight, cell phones, keys and so forth are not permitted inside the shrine.

Sarnath (10km from Varanasi) - It is assumed that in Sarnath, Buddha gave his first sermon to his devotees in the wake of getting enlightenment.

Banaras Hindu University: This is one of the oldest and biggest residential universities of Asia, with 124 sections.

Things you can do here Boating: A common scene, particularly at morning and evening. These boats can either be rowboats or mechanized boats.

Watch Pilgrims: Over 60,000 devotes go to the ghats almost all the days to take a holy dip in the consecrated waters of the Ganga, mainly in the morning. This is an incredible sight to see.

Yoga: Yoga classes here are well known among guests to Varanasi.

Allahabad

Image credit : Puffino CC-BY-SA-3.0 Allahabad

Allahabad remains at the unification of two of India's holiest rivers, the Ganga and the Yamuna. Sangam, as the union is called, is the scene of numerous holy fairs and ceremonies of Uttar Pradesh , and draws in a huge number of pilgrims consistently. This number swells to millions amid the world-renowned Kumbh Mela. A yearly Magh Mela is similarly held in Allahabad around the Sangam regions in the month of January. A third legendary Saraswati river, accepted to stream underground towards the Sangam, gives the juncture its other name, Triveni. The city being a vital cantonment amid the British rule has some delightful remainders of foreign architecture .

How To Reach Allahabad

  • By plane : Best way to reach Allahabad, if you are coming from outside India, is to take a direct flight to Delhi and then take one of the numerous connecting trains from Delhi to Allahabad.
  • By train : Allahabad is on the main train route from Delhi to Kolkata and from Mumbai to Kolkata so it is well-connected by trains. Many trains stop at Allahabad.
  • By bus : Several buses ply to and from nearby cities and towns to Allahabad.
FACT FILE – ALLAHABAD-UTTAR PRADESH
Get around Auto Rickshaws(3-Wheelers) are also cheap modes of travel inside the city.

Hire a cycle rickshaw. It is the cheapest, best and most widely available form of conveyance.

A dip in the holy Sangam A dip in the holy Sangam of the Ganga, Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati is a must for the spiritually inclined.
Monument Khusro bagh: The tomb is of Khusrau, the elder brother of the Emperor Shah Jahan.1622AD 8 am - 8 pm
Fort Allahabad Fort. It was the largest of Akbar`s forts, was built from the year 1583 onwards by Akbar, which stands at the junction of the two great rivers.
Museums Anand Bhawan museum, Archaeological Museum, Anatomy Museum, Agharkar museum.

Allahabad Museum. 9am-4pm. (Monday closed) A palace for the lovers of ancient history.

Other Attractions of Allahabad Anand Bhawan.  Learn more about the history of Indian freedom struggle during early 20th century. 8 am - 4:30pm Closed on Mondays.

Thornhill Mayne Memorial. Now it has been converted to a library which is commonly known as Public Library. The monument has served as the house of legislative assembly in British rule.

All Saints Cathedral: 1877, it is in white stone with red sandstone dressings.

University of Allahabad Campus. Being 4th oldest (formal) university of India.

Company Bagh: Surrounded in this park are Victoria memorial, Allahabad Museum, and public library. History is dotted at every step in the park.

Yamuna bridge. It will be tremendously stimulating if you have a cycle ride or a stroll on the bridge at sunrise or sunset.

Temples Jhusi-Tallest Hanuman Mandir. The temple is remarkably tall, having Hanuman deity along with 108 Shivalingas.

Location map

Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb

Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb is a Mughal tomb in the city of Agra in Uttar Pradesh. It is sometimes presented as a "gem box", also called the "Child Tāj", the tomb of I'timad-ud-Daulah is considered as a draft of the Tāj Mahal. The tomb, constructed around 1622 and 1628, principally made from red sandstone with marble adornments. The beautiful walls are made up from white marble from Rajasthan. Light passes inside through fine screens of craftily cut white marble. The inside carvings are considered by many to have enthused that of the Taj Mahal. It is situated at the right side of the Yamuna River.

How To Reach Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb

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Tomb Of Sheik Salim Chishti

Image credit : SK Desai CC0 Tomb of Sheik Salim Chishti

Tomb of Sheik Salim Chishti is well known as one of the finest illustrations of Mughal engineering in India, made between the years 1580 and 1581, also the majestic complex at Fatehpur Sikri. It preserves the internment place of the Sufi, Salim Chisti (1478 – 1572). The tomb, build by Akbar as an indication of his regard for the Sufi holy person, who predicted the birth of Akbar's child, who was named Prince Salim after the Sufi Saint and later succeeded Akbar as the ruler of the Mughal Empire, as Jahangir. The marble building is perfectly cut, and has an ivory-like appearance. The way to the central chamber is craftily cut with arabesque styles and bears engravings from the Quran. This tomb is very popular for Child Birth Blessing in Uttar Pradesh.

How To Reach Tomb Of Sheik Salim Chishti

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Bankey Bihari Mandir

Bankey Bihari Mandir is a Hindu temple devoted to Lord Krishna, in the sacred city of Vrindavan in the Mathura region Uttar Pradesh. It is among the 7 temples of Thakur of Vrindavan including Sri Radhavallabh ji, Shri Govind Dev ji and four others.  It is located close to the Radhavallabh ji Temple. Bankey Bihari ji was initially worshiped at Nidhivana. Bankey signifies "twisted in three spots" and bihari signifies "preeminent enjoyer." The idol of Lord Krishna remains in the Tribhanga position.

How To Reach Bankey Bihari Mandir

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The Ramnagar Fort

Image credit : Cpsinghvns CC-BY-SA-3.0 The Ramnagar Fort

The Ramnagar Fort is situated close to the Ganga River on its eastern bank, inverse to the Tulsi Ghat, Uttar Pradesh. The sandstone structure was constructed in the Mughal style in 1750 by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh. The exhibition hall in the Fort is outstanding for its strange and uncommon accumulations of American antique cars, ivory work, medieval ensembles, it has elephant saddles cut out of silver, adornments, outfits made of kimkhwa silk (finest creation of the weavers of Varanasi), an amazing arsenal corridor with swords, old firearms from Burma, Africa, and Japan. The old defensively covered matchlocks, fancy hookahs, knifes, paintings of Maharajas, dark melodic instruments and there is an uncommon galactic clock. This clock demonstrates the time as well as the day, week, month, and year and the galactic points of the Sun, Moon and different planets.

How To Reach The Ramnagar Fort

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Akbar's Tomb

Image credit : Acred99 CC-BY-SA-3.0 Akbar's Tomb

Akbar's Tomb is the tomb of the Mughal emperor Akbar, and an imperative Mughal engineering magnum opus. It was constructed in 1605–1613 and is located in 119 acres of land in Sikandra, Agra, Uttar Pradesh. The third Mughal Emperor, Akbar (1555–1605), started the development of his own tomb in around 1600. As per the Tartary custom, one has to build one’s own tomb during one’s lifetime. The tomb is built from a dark red sandstone, enhanced with components in white marble. Finished decorated boards of these materials and a dark slate embellish the tomb and the principle gatehouse. Board outlines are geometric, plant, calligraphic, and prefigure, mind boggling and delicate plans later consolidated.

How To Reach Akbar's Tomb

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Kashi Vishvanath

Kashi Vishvanath

Kashi Vishvanath Temple is a standout amongst the most popular Hindu temples and is devoted to Lord Shiva. It is situated in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. The ancient temple remains on the western bank of the heavenly River Ganga. The other name for Varanasi is Kashi, and consequently the temple is traditionally called Kashi Vishvanath Temple. The present temple was built by the Maratha ruler, Ahilya Bai Holkar in 1780. Two domes of the temple are coated by gold, offered by the Sikh Maharaja Ranjit Singh, however the third dome stayed uncoated. Later, it was done by the Ministry of Culture and Religious undertakings of U.P. Govt. It is believed by Hindus, that a dip in the holy Ganga and a visit to the temple lead one to the path of Moksha or liberation. Hence, Hindus from everywhere throughout the world attempt to visit this holy place at least once in their lifetime.

How To Reach Kashi Vishvanath

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Buland Darwaza

Buland Darwaza, or the "Entryway of Magnificence", was constructed in 1601 A.D. by Akbar to honor his triumph over Gujarat. It is the fundamental access to the royal residence at Fatehpur Sikri, a town which is 43 km from Agra. Buland Darwaza is the most elevated gateway on the planet and is an illustration of Mughal design. It reveals Akbar's domain. It is made of red and buff sandstone, beautified by white and dark marble and is higher than the patio of the mosque. On the main door an Islamic engraving in Persian advised by Jesus, says not to consider the world as a perpetual home.

How To Reach Buland Darwaza

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Ganga Dussehra

Image credit : Barry Silver CC-BY-2.0 Ganga Dussehra

Ganga Dussehra On this day, it is believed by Hindus that if they could make a dip in the holy Ganga, they could purify themselves from their sins and get physically well from many illnesses. In case if it they are not in a position to observe the holy dip in Ganga river on this day, they follow the custom at some other river or waterways without breaking the traditional pattern. Pooja presentations are made in front of idol of Ganga after this custom. The festival of Ganga Dussehra at Varanasi is the most dominant among all the Ganga festivals of Uttar Pradesh. The believers adore the Goddess Ganga, and make gifts. According to conviction, the Holy dip in Ganges can purify a devotee from all his evil doings of his past.

Rama Navami

Image credit : AbhiRiksh CC-BY-SA-3.0 Rama Navami

Rama Navami is a Hindu observance, praising the birth anniversary of the god Rama and Queen Kausalya in Ayodhya. Rama Navami is a standout amongst the most notable Hindu celebrations. Numerous adherents observe this day by vrata (fasting) during the whole day even it is followed by celebrations and feasting in the night.  Free meals for the community are also arranged. Since Rama is assumed to have been born during the day time, temples and places of worship are beautifully adorned and conventional supplications are sung together by the family with traditional customs, together with Vedic mantras repetitions and various offering to god.

Maha Shivaratri

Maha Shivaratri It is one of the foremost celebrations in Hinduism, marks a commemoration of "defeating negatives and ignorance" in life and the world. It is one of the outstanding festivals of Uttar Pradesh It is followed by recalling Shiva and chanting mantras, fasting, doing Yoga and reflecting on morals and ideals, for example, patience, trustworthiness, undo-harm to others, absolution and the revelation of Shiva. The whole-hearted followers keep wakeful throughout the night. Others visit one of the Shiva temples. This is an old Hindu celebration whose source is unclear.

Ganga Mahotsav

Ganga Mahotsav is the celebration of Kartik Purnima celebrated in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. The ghats (steps) on the riverfront of the Ganges River, are lit with more than a million oil lamps to pay tribute to river Ganga, and its divinity. The heavenly spirits are assumed to come to Earth to bathe in the Ganges on this holy day. Ganga Mahotsav is a traveler driven celebration in Varanasi, which is admired more than five days consistently, beginning from October / November. It demonstrates the rich social legacy of Varanasi. With its message of belief and culture, the celebration highlights popular social activities, traditional music, a boat race, painting and art exhibition. Carvings and sculpture presentations, and traditional martial arts.

Kumbha Mela

Kumbha Mela  A Hindu pilgrimage to bathe in a holy or heavenly river Ganga. The celebration is considered as the "world's biggest gathering of religious pilgrims and it is one of the biggest religious collective events on the planet,". It is assessed that about 120 million people visited the Maha Kumbh Mela in 2013 in Allahabad over a two-month time span. One of the prominent practices of Kumbh Mela is the Peshwai Procession, which denote the entry of the individuals from an akhara or group of sadhus at the Kumbh Mela, in Uttar Pradesh. The sadhus are seen covered in saffron sheets with Vibhuti ashes applied on their body. A few, called naga sanyasis, may not wear any garments even in extreme winter. The privilege to be naga, or nude, is respected as an indication of renunciation from the material world.

Holi

Image credit : Narender9 CC-BY-SA-3.0 Holi

Holi is a celebration of colors. It is a two-day celebration which falls between the end of February and the mid of March in the Gregorian calendar. The principal day is known as Holika Dahan or Chhotiholi and the second as Rangwaliholi. The festivities of Uttar Pradesh is popular which begin on the prior night of the celebration day with a Holika bonfire where individuals assemble, do religious customs before the campfire, and pray to have internal purification by vanishing all their evils as the bonfire starts. The following morning is praised as Rangwali-Holi - a free-for-all festival of colors, where members play, pursue and coloring each other with dry colored powder and colored water, with some having water pumps and color water-filled articles for their celebration of Holi fun.

Diwali In Uttar Pradesh

Image credit : Ramnath Bhat CC-BY-2.0 Diwali in Uttar Pradesh

Diwali in Uttar Pradesh is a celebration of lights praised each year in fall. One of the important celebrations of Hinduism, it profoundly implies the triumph of right doings over wrong deeds. On this day, millions of oil lamps and electrified bulbs are lightened, all buildings, shops, houses trees and each and every temple is illuminated to celebrate Diwali. The celebration arrangements and customs normally stretch out over five-days. Before Diwali night, Hindus clean, and make all preparations, and beautify their homes and workplaces. On Diwali night, people well-groomed up in new garments or their best get-up, illuminate lights and oil lamps inside and outside their home, take an interest in family puja regularly to Lakshmi – the goddess of richness and wealth. Fireworks are inevitable part of Diwali.