Agra-Uttar Pradesh - Best 6 Places To Visit
Embedded in the heart of India is Uttar Pradesh, the home to Ayodhya and Mathura, birth place of Lord Rama and Lord Krishna, where cultures have evolved and religions converge. The vastness of Uttar Pradesh lies in this juncture, as well as in the rise of cultural and religious traditions along some of the greatest rivers in the Indian sub-continent – the Ganga and the Yamuna and one of the seven wonders in the world Taj Mahal, in Agra.
The Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal Agra was assigned as an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for being "the gem of Muslim craftsmanship in India and one of the globally respected monuments of the world's legacy". Portrayed by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore as "the tear-drop on the cheek of time", it is considered as the best evidence of Mughal design and an image of India's rich history, and is presently accepted as a landmark of sincere love. The Taj Mahal draws about 7–8 million guests every year. In 2007, it was pronounced as the champ of the New 7 Wonders of the World. The Taj Mahal was structured utilizing materials from all over Asian countries. It is assumed that more than 1,000 elephants were utilized for moving building materials during its construction. It was opened in 1632 by the Mughal ruler, to abode the tomb of his most beloved spouse, Mumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal signifies the most excellent architectural and imaginative realization through wonderful coordination and outstanding artistry in a whole variety of Indo-Islamic sepulchral construction. It is a masterwork of architectural style in perception, management and implementation and has distinctive aesthetic abilities in balance, symmetry and musical blending of various components. The most inspiring in the Taj Mahal complex next to the vault, is the main doorway which stands regally in the center of the southern divider of the courtyard. The principle finial was initially made of gold however was supplanted by a copy made of gilt bronze in the mid nineteenth century. This element gives a perfect model of combination of customary Persian and Hindu attractive components. The finial is topped by a moon, a typical Islamic theme whose horns point heavenward. At the highest point of the tower is a last gallery surmounted by a chattri that mirrors the plan of those on the tomb. Besides Taj Mahal, Agra Fort is also one of the best places to visit Agra
How To Reach The Taj Mahal
Timings: Every Day, (except Friday), Sunrise to Sunset Night, 8:30 PM to 12:30 AM (On Full moon night, two days before and two days after)
Entry Fee: Rs.1000/- Foreigners
Photography: Prohibited inside the main tomb
- By Plane : Distance from the Domestic terminal at Agra is 8.9Km. (5.5Mi)
- By Train : Available from Delhi and Mumbai frequently, get down at Agra Cantt station.
- By bus : A number of buses connect Agra with Delhi. It takes around 4-5 hours to reach Agra by bus.
|FACT FILE - THE TAJ MAHAL - AGRA|
|Do’s||Security is tight and guidelines and directions are vital and must be taken after at the Taj Mahal.
No Polluting vehicles are permitted inside 500 mts. Span of Taj Mahal. Parking Facility is accessible. Wheelchairs for incapacitated people and First Aid Boxes are accessible at A.S.I. Office inside the Taj Mahal complex.
Taj Museum inside the Taj Complex opens from 10.00-17.00 (free).
|Don’ts||Eating and smoking is not allowed inside the Taj Mahal. Arms, and ammos, fire smoking things, tobacco items, alcohol, eatables, earphones, blades, wire, portable charger electric merchandise (aside from camera), Tripods are likewise denied.
Cell phones are to be kept turned off.
Also please try to abstain from conveying huge packs and books inside the landmark, this may add your security check time.
Abstain from touching and scratching the walls and surfaces of the landmark.
Agra Fort - The Marvelous Architecture
Agra Fort was the royal house of the Mughal Empire situated in Agra. It is one of the UNESCO World Heritage site and is around 2.5 km northwest of its more celebrated fellow landmark, the Taj Mahal. The castle can be more precisely portrayed as a walled city. The fortification has a half circle style, its harmony lies parallel to the stream and its dividers are seventy feet high. Two of the stronghold's doors are outstanding: the "Delhi Entrance" and the "Lahore Entrance. The site is very significant and has a prominent space in the Indian history.
The Red Sandstone Agra Fort constructed by Akbar, when he was through with the establishment of his power after coming to power in 1558. The Agra Fort functioned as military tactical center as well as the imperial palace. After Ibrahim Lodi of Panipat was conquered and killed in 1526, Agra performed a very prominent role in Mughal Empire. It was in an abandoned stage. After Akbar made his decision to make Agra as his capital, he arrived here and reconstructed the Red Fort with red sandstone. Architects made the base and it was built with blocks in the inner core with sandstone on external surfaces. Some 4,000 builders worked on it daily for eight years, completing it in 1573
The famous historian of the court of Akbar, Abul Fazl documented that more than 5000 buildings where made here in the stylish Gujarati and Bengali style. A great majority of them have been vanished now. In order to make space for the white dream palace, Shah Jahan himself has demolished a great number of them. When British came to power, they have also ruined many buildings for making camps. On the Southeastern side some 30 Mughal Monuments have outlived. Among these the Bengali-Mahal, Akbari-Gate, and Delhi Gate, are the typical buildings erected during the period of Akbar.
How To Reach Agra Fort - The Marvelous Architecture
Timings: Visiting Hours - 6.00 AM - 6.00 PM
Entry Fee: Entry fee for Foreigners : Rs.500
Photography: Travelers are informed to hire authorized guides & photographers who exhibit their I D cards.
Distance from the Domestic terminal at Agra is 8.9Km. (5.5Mi)
- By Train : Available from Delhi and Mumbai frequently, get down at Agra Cantt station.
- By bus : Many buses connect Agra with Delhi. It takes around 4-5 hours to reach Agra by bus.
|FACT FILE – AGRA-UTTAR PRADESH|
|Gardens||Ram Bagh: The first Mughal gardens, built by the first Mughal Emperor Babar, 500 m North of the Chini Ka Rauza.
Mehtab Bagh: These botanical gardens give you a chance to view the Taj away from the crowds of tourists.
|Temples||Temples: Balkeshwar Temple, at Balkeshwar, at the river side of Yamuna
Mankameshwar Temple, at Rawatpara, near Agra Fort railway station
Kailash Temple, at Sikandra, at the river Yamuna.
Prithvinath Temple, at Shahganj, on road to Jaipur.
Rajeshwar Temple, at Village Rajpur. On road to Shamshabd.
Shyam Ji Maharaj Temple at Bijlighar.
Mahakal and Mahakali Temple, at Sikandra railway crossing on Sikandra Bodla road.
Rawli Maharaj Temple, At Collectrate crossing, beside the railway track. (Very old temple.)
|Monuments||Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb. Includes many elements of the Taj Mahal
Fatehpur Sikri: The Mughal Emperor Akbar built Fatehpur Sikri about 35 km (22 mi) from Agra A World Heritage Site, it is often visited by tourists.
|Other Attractions||Keetham Lake: It is situated about 7 km. (4.3 miles) from the Akbar tomb in Agra, within the Surdas Reserved Forest. The river has a remarkable variety of aquatic life and water birds.
Jama Masjid. A large mosque attributed to Princess Jahanara Begum, built in 1648
|Fairs and Festivals||Taj Mahotsav: An outstanding number of Indian and outside travelers coming to Agra to join this merriment in the month of February. It makes accessible handicraft products and superior art products at realistic costs.
Ram Barat: It is one of the greatest yearly Hindu festivals in North India.
Kailash Fair: The Kailash Fair is held in the city of Kailash, around 12 km (7 mi) from Agra, in the month of August/September. It is a notable festival celebrated to pay tribute to Shiva (Hindu god)
|Shopping||Make sure that you are not guided to any of the shops by any one. Guides get commission for bringing customers to the shops. Leather goods, stone carved items, jewelry and handicrafts are popular.|
Mathura - Uttar Pradesh
Mathura - Uttar Pradesh: Shri Krishna Janmbhoomi is a Hindu Temple complex situated in the heart of the city of Mathura. Hindus consider it as a standout amongst the most holy place, as they consider that the temple remains on a similar place where the Hindu god Krishna took his birth. The complex has a Keshavdev temple where profound atmosphere could be felt in the course of morning supplication (Mangla Aarti). The sanctuary complex has a historical center, where various articles unearthed from the site identified with the story of Sri Krishna’s birth are shown. The Dwarkadheesh Temple, constructed in 1814, is a dominant temple in the main point of Mathura town. This is the place where Mathura gets the most number of visitors and is controlled by the followers of Vallabhacarya. When you enter this sanctuary from the road side, it is genuinely exciting architecturally. It is situated in the eastern section of Mathura - Uttar Pradesh, not a long way from the Yamuna River. The temple is a center point of functions amid the merry days of Holi, Janmashtami and Divali.
Mathura is only an hour's drive from Agra, the whole land is spotted with glorious sanctuaries, devoted to different aspects of Lord Krishna’s life. The twin holy cities of Mathura and Vrindavan, where Krishna was born and where he grew up, still resonate to the sound of his laughter, activities and his mesmerized flute.
Followers who visit this place from all over the world crowd here to learn about the simple beginnings of the Hindu God. The city has many small and enormous sanctuaries. Alongside many ghats on the waterway Yamuna where Hindus taking a dip in the evenings, is a common ritual and a part of their custom.
Mathura has influenced a great deal towards Indian Culture through its rich legacy. The culture of Mathura, and certainty the entire of Braj Mandal is focused on Krishna and his stories. Mathura witnesses enriched activities amid the significant festivals committed to Krishna.
How To Reach Mathura - Uttar Pradesh
Timing : All days of the week 5:00 AM - 12:00 PM(Summer) 4:00 PM - 9:30 PM(Summer) 5:30 AM - 12:00 PM(Winter) 3:00 PM - 8:30 PM(Winter)
- By train :Most trains between Delhi and Agra halt in Mathura. The journey from Delhi takes 2-3 hours.
- By road : Mathura is well connected to Delhi, state capital - Lucknow and all major cities by road.
- By air : Nearest airport is Agra-Kheria Airport. It is 50 km from Mathura. Delhi International Airport is 150 km from Mathura.
|FACT FILE - MATHURA-UTTAR PRADESH|
|Temples||Gita Mandir: The temple carvings and art works are a remarkable enticement.Dwarkadheesh Temple: Built in 1814, it is the primary temple in the town.
Jaigurudeo Temple: It is a distinctive temple in that you are disallowed from giving offerings if you are a non-vegetarian.
Bankey Bihari Temple: This is well- known temple in Mathura and many individuals including VIPs from all India visit the temple consistently.
|Fort||Old Fort: It's the important Quila in Mathura to shield the city from Yamuna River if this Quila was not constructed then it would have annihilated the City.|
|Landmark||Vishram Ghat: The holy spot where Lord Krishna is accepted to have rested in the wake of killing the despot Kansa.|
|To Do||Boating: You can do boating in the river Yamuna and visit to Durvasa Rishi Temple which is on the opposite side of the waterway and go to Hansiya Rani ghat which was constructed during the period of Rani Hansiya.Government Museum: The gallery houses relics ceramics, statues, works of art, drawings and coins basically from in and around Mathura, in addition to revelations made by noted foreign archeologists The exhibition hall is popular for antiquated figures of the Mathura school dating from third century BC to twelfth century AD.|
|Shopping||Leather shoes from factory Outlets on NH-2 (towards Agra), Sweets, Clothes, Brass/ Copper Pooja Articles, and Handicrafts.|
Vrindavan. The town remains on the former woodland of Vrindavana where the Hindu god Krishna spent his youth. Various occasions are said to have happened here: This is the place where Krishna did the celestial dance with Gopis (Maharaas), spread the message of heavenly love with his partner Radha, stole the garments of the bathing ladies (gopis), and defeated many evil presences. Therefore, it is a major pilgrimage spot for Hindus in the state of Uttar Pradesh.
Vrindavan is similarly called the "city of widows" because of the vast number of dowagers who move into the town and encompassing region in the wake of losing their spouses. There are an expected 15,000 to 20,000 dowagers who always involved in singing bhajan psalms in bhajan ashrams. An association called Guild was framed to help these denied ladies and youngsters. As indicated by an overview report arranged by the local governing body, several programs are operated by the legislature and distinctive NGOs for dowagers.
How To Reach Vrindavan
- By Train : The nearest train station is Vrindavan's twin holy town Mathura, 12 km (20 min) away by rickshaw. Vrindavan is about 50 km from Agra, which hosts the Taj Mahal. It is connected with Delhi, Agra and Jaipur.
Entry into all temples is free.
Many temples prohibit photography inside, so enquire when in doubt.
FACT FILE – VRINDAVAN-UTTAR PRADESH
|Temples||Rangji Mandir: The distinct largest temple in Vrindavan, built in 1851. The 50-ft high wooden chariot, taken out for festivals and the 50-ft high gold-plated column known as Dhwaja Stambha are popular.
Krishna Balaram Mandir, better known as the ISKCON Temple. Free breakfast and lunch are available here.
Bihariji: The well-known temple in Vrindavan, home to a Krishna idol.
|Garden||Seva Kunj: filled with tulsi (holy basil) herbs, Hindus believe this is the garden where Krishna and his lover Radha spent.|
|Historic Landmark||Kesi Ghat, by the Yamuna. According to the legend, this is where Krishna killed the demon Kesi.|
|Mandir||Govinda Dev Mandir. Built by Raja Sawai Man Singh of Jaipur in 1590.|
|Things to do||Parikrama This is performed by Hindu pilgims by walking along the path of parikrama about 6km, usually starts in the morning from ISKCON temple.
Attend the Sandhya (Evening) Aarti. at ISKCON temple held at 7:00 PM in summer and 6:30 PM in winter. It's a beautiful spiritual performance of bajans, dancing and chanting of manthras.
The Brahmotsava Festival, draws more than 100000 visitors, which is usually celebrated after the popular Holi festival in February/March held for ten days and it the largest in Vrindavan.
|Caution||Vrindavan is totally alive with monkeys, who are clever at stealing cameras, glasses, food and anything if you fail your attention.|
Varanasi The city is sacrosanct to Hindus and Jains furthermore one of the most ancient and eternally occupied urban areas on the planet, with settlements going back to the eleventh century BC. The sight of pilgrims doing their observances in the River Ganges at dawn set against the environment of the ancient temple is likely a standout amongst the most remarkable wonders on the planet. Most of the Hindus assume that taking their last breath in Varanasi brings salvation/nirvana thus they make their journey to the city when they understand that they are near to the end of their life. It is undoubtedly one of the most important holy place for Hindus in Uttar Pradesh
How To Reach Varanasi
- By plane : Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport is located 25km northwest of the city.
- By train : There are many trains from Delhi, Agra, Lucknow, Mumbai and Kolkata. Varanasi has three major railway stations: Varanasi Junction Manduadih Railway Station and Mughal Sarai Junction.
- By bus : All major North Indian cities are connected by bus to Varanasi
FACT FILE – VARANASI-UTTAR PRADESH
|Get around||Walk around: Walking visits are the best approach to see the areas of the harder-to-discover sights, for example, the Flower Market and Ayurvedic Herb Market.
Cycle-rickshaw and auto-rickshaw: The noisy avenues of Varanasi are sometimes too long to cover by foot. Hence, it will be helpful to go by cycle rickshaw or auto-rickshaw. It is very cheap to travel for a short distance by rickshaw.
By bike: Bicycle rental is accessible from nearby merchants.
|Attractions of Varanasi||Ghats and the River Ganges: The River Ganga is a holy stream for the Hindus and you will see customary ceremonies and bathing happening throughout the day. Ganga is bordered by 84 ghats, or steps driving down to the waterway, extending for 6.8km, the best alternative for viewing the ghats is to hire a small boat and go along the river.
Religious structures: Nepali Hindu Temple: (golden temple built in Nepali Style)
Shri Kashi Vishwanth Temple (Golden Temple) Security is tight and it is difficult for foreigners to get in. No packs, cellphones or pens are permitted.
Sankat Mochan Temple. The celebrated Hanuman temple, home to a huge number of monkeys. Security is tight, cell phones, keys and so forth are not permitted inside the shrine.
Sarnath (10km from Varanasi) - It is assumed that in Sarnath, Buddha gave his first sermon to his devotees in the wake of getting enlightenment.
Banaras Hindu University: This is one of the oldest and biggest residential universities of Asia, with 124 sections.
|Things you can do here||Boating: A common scene, particularly at morning and evening. These boats can either be rowboats or mechanized boats.
Watch Pilgrims: Over 60,000 devotes go to the ghats almost all the days to take a holy dip in the consecrated waters of the Ganga, mainly in the morning. This is an incredible sight to see.
Yoga: Yoga classes here are well known among guests to Varanasi.
Allahabad remains at the unification of two of India's holiest rivers, the Ganga and the Yamuna. Sangam, as the union is called, is the scene of numerous holy fairs and ceremonies of Uttar Pradesh , and draws in a huge number of pilgrims consistently. This number swells to millions amid the world-renowned Kumbh Mela. A yearly Magh Mela is similarly held in Allahabad around the Sangam regions in the month of January. A third legendary Saraswati river, accepted to stream underground towards the Sangam, gives the juncture its other name, Triveni. The city being a vital cantonment amid the British rule has some delightful remainders of foreign architecture .
How To Reach Allahabad
- By plane : Best way to reach Allahabad, if you are coming from outside India, is to take a direct flight to Delhi and then take one of the numerous connecting trains from Delhi to Allahabad.
- By train : Allahabad is on the main train route from Delhi to Kolkata and from Mumbai to Kolkata so it is well-connected by trains. Many trains stop at Allahabad.
- By bus : Several buses ply to and from nearby cities and towns to Allahabad.
FACT FILE – ALLAHABAD-UTTAR PRADESH
|Get around||Auto Rickshaws(3-Wheelers) are also cheap modes of travel inside the city.
Hire a cycle rickshaw. It is the cheapest, best and most widely available form of conveyance.
|A dip in the holy Sangam||A dip in the holy Sangam of the Ganga, Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati is a must for the spiritually inclined.|
|Monument||Khusro bagh: The tomb is of Khusrau, the elder brother of the Emperor Shah Jahan.1622AD 8 am - 8 pm|
|Fort||Allahabad Fort. It was the largest of Akbar`s forts, was built from the year 1583 onwards by Akbar, which stands at the junction of the two great rivers.|
|Museums||Anand Bhawan museum, Archaeological Museum, Anatomy Museum, Agharkar museum.
Allahabad Museum. 9am-4pm. (Monday closed) A palace for the lovers of ancient history.
|Other Attractions of Allahabad||Anand Bhawan. Learn more about the history of Indian freedom struggle during early 20th century. 8 am - 4:30pm Closed on Mondays.
Thornhill Mayne Memorial. Now it has been converted to a library which is commonly known as Public Library. The monument has served as the house of legislative assembly in British rule.
All Saints Cathedral: 1877, it is in white stone with red sandstone dressings.
University of Allahabad Campus. Being 4th oldest (formal) university of India.
Company Bagh: Surrounded in this park are Victoria memorial, Allahabad Museum, and public library. History is dotted at every step in the park.
Yamuna bridge. It will be tremendously stimulating if you have a cycle ride or a stroll on the bridge at sunrise or sunset.
|Temples||Jhusi-Tallest Hanuman Mandir. The temple is remarkably tall, having Hanuman deity along with 108 Shivalingas.|