Bihar

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Bihar - Best 6 Places To Visit

Bihar is one of the most ancient occupied places on the planet with a history backpedaling 3000 years. The rich culture and legacy of Bihar is apparent from the incalculable antiquated landmarks that are dabbed everywhere throughout the state. Bihar is home to numerous vacation destinations and is visited by large number of tourists from everywhere throughout the world.

Patna

Patna-Bihar

Patna is the capital of Bihar. Today Patna is a major business and cultural focal point of eastern India. It is also a portal to the Buddhist and Jain explorer center of Bodhgaya, Vaishali, Keshariya, Nalanda, Rajgir, and Pawapuri. The old name of Patna was "Pataliputra" and it was the capital of the Maurya and Gupta kingdoms. Situated at the site where Patna is today, the antiquated city of Patliputra, with a great time of history spreading over a thousand years (500BC-400AD), saw the ascent and fall of India's first significant kingdoms. The rich culture and legacy of Bihar is clear from the multitudinous old landmarks that are specked everywhere throughout the state. Bihar is home to numerous vacation destinations and is attracted by huge volume of travelers from everywhere throughout the globe.

How To Reach Patna

  • By Plane : Patna Airport is a domestic airport. All major cities in India have access with Bihar.
  • By Train : Patna is on the New Delhi - Howrah (Kolkata) railway main line. Long-distance trains arrive from many major cities of India.
  • By Road : Patna is connected by road with all major cities of the country via (National Highway 30,31 & 19). BSTDC (Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation)
FACT FILE – PATNA, BIHAR
Places to see in Patna Padri Ki Haveli 1713 A.D ("Mansion of Padre"), otherwise called St Mary's Church, it is the most ancient church in Bihar.

Vaishali Stupa. Buddhist site with one of the ancient Buddhist shrine. This is also the site of world's ancient republic.

Har Mandir Saheb: The Birth place of tenth Guru of Sikhs, Shri Guru Gobind Singh

Golghar: A warehouse of food for the British armed force with a facility of 140000 tons made in 1786 A.D.

Mahavir Mandir, close to Patna Junction

Zoo Patna Zoo Sanjay Gandhi Botanical and Zoological Garden, Patna.
Museum Gandhi Museum near Gandhi Maidan

Patna Museum: It has more than 50,000 uncommon art objects, with many identified with India in the antiquated, medieval times and the British provincial time.

Memorial Buddha Smriti Udyaan (Buddha Memorial Park), Near Railway Station. An expansive park with a stupa and yoga ground where ashes of Buddha are kept
Great Fair Sonepur Mela, Sonepur. This is the biggest cattle and domestic animal fair in Asia. It is held in November in Sonepur.
Things you can do Play golf at the Patna golf club:  The Patna Golf Club is set in magnificent surroundings.

Take a boat-ride in the Ganges., near Gandhi ghat

Visit Kali Temple at Patna University Campus on the Bank of the Ganges

Visit Vaishali-Ashokan Pillar (48km north of Patna)

Do not miss a boat ride on the mighty Ganges river. 

Shopping Madhubani Paintings can be bought from emporiums at Mauyra Lok.

Bodh Gaya

Bodh Gaya - Bihar. Bodh Gaya has sanctuaries or religious communities from numerous different countries with a Buddhist custom, it’s all near-by places from the Mahabodhi sanctuary. It is a rural area in the state of Bihar. As the site of the Buddha Shakyamuni's enlightenment, Bodh Gaya is the most venerated of all Buddhist holy destinations. The primary temple complex houses the celebrated Mahabodhi stupa and an off spring of the first Bodhi Tree under which the Buddha attained insight. Inside the Mahabodhi sanctuary complex you may come to appreciate the Lotus Pond or the Yoga center.

There are no phones permitted inside the Mahabodhi Temple. Security is tight and they will burrow through your packs searching for telephones. Non-mobile phone cameras are permitted.

Photography: Rs.100/- and Videography Rs.500/-

How To Reach Bodh Gaya

  • By Air : The nearest airport is at Gaya (17 km) Air India fly from New Delhi via Varanassi every day.
  • By train : The nearest Railway station is Gaya (16 km). From there you can take a bus or a three- wheel taxi to Bodh Gaya.
  • By bus : There is a main road connecting Bodhgaya and Gaya. The Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation runs daily deluxe bus services to and from Bodh Gaya. Buses to Varanasi, Nalanda, Rajgir, and Kathmandu are also available.
FACT FILE- BODH GAYA, BIHAR
Museum Most of the temples open from 6AM to sunset and close between 12 noon and 2PM.

Archeological Museum, close on Fridays. Make it a point to buy Hindu and Buddhist souvenirs from Bodh Gaya.  Photography not permitted.

Bodhgaya Multimedia Museum, situated beside the Mahabodhi Temple, Open every day. Exhibition hall gives the chronicled and Geographical framework for the life of Buddha through a series of Multimedia movies and 3D Animation film.

Places to visit in Bodh Gaya Bodhi Tree it is assumed by the followers that this tree is an immediate off spring of the one under which the Buddha achieved insight in his meditation.

Mahabodhi Stupa

80-foot Buddha Statue

Thai Monastery

Barabar Caves, the most established surviving rock-cut caves in India, generally dating from the Mauryan period (322–185 BC)

Taiwanese Temple (World Chonghwa Buddhist Sangha)

Things you can do here Bodh Gaya is basically a pilgrimage place for Buddhists and the greater part of its primary attractions are identified with this. Whether you're a Buddhist or not, the important thing is to experience the vibration of this holy place where the Buddha achieved enlightenment, the positive energy is still enriched in the whole atmosphere.

Rajgir

Rajgir-Bihar. The foundation of this city is evaluated by researchers that it must be around 3,000 years of old. The old secured city which lies in the valley encompassed by seven slopes. Rajgir has been firmly identified with Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism and has played host to Lord Buddha and Mahavira, accordingly has numerous archeological destinations identified with Buddhism and Jainism. It is 15 km from the remains of Nalanda University, and 100 km from Patna. Rajgir is well known for its high hot water springs, known as Brahmakund, a sacrosanct place for Hindus. Another significant point is the peace pagoda, Vishwa Shanti Stupa, one among the other pagodas in the world, to spread the message of harmony. The rope-way that prompts to it is another charming point. Venu Vana is a bamboo grove , where one can experience Eternal peace, and involve in deep meditation.

How To Reach Rajgir

  • By Plane : Patna and Gaya are the nearest airports which are connected to the major cities of India.
  • By train : Rajgir is connected to Patna, Kolkata and Delhi by train.
  • By road : Rajgir is connected to Patna by road
FACT FILE - RAJGIR-BIHAR
Buddhist centers Gridhakuta: The place is on a little slope and accepted to be a meditation spot of Lord Buddha.

Venu vana: Is said to be a bamboo woods offered to Lord Buddha by Bimbisara, the then ruler of Magadh.

Tapodharma: Tapodharma was the site of an antiquated Buddhist monastery over which a Hindu sanctuary is made today. The place has hot water springs which are rich in sulfur and said to have a healing impact.

Saptaparni Caves: These caves facilitated the First Buddhist Council, the centers of debates and discussions.

Places to visit in Rajgir Bimbisara's jail. This archeological site is accepted to be the prison in which King Ajatshatru has detained his father Bimbisara.

Chariot Tracks. The Chariot Route and shell engravings comprise of two parallel lines cut deep into the stone ground for around thirty feet and are accepted to have been made by Lord Krishna's Chariot.

Maniar Matth. Dating 1st. century AD, the Maniar Matth is said to be a monastery of a clique which adorned snakes. A few snake and cobra models have been found in the region in unearthing.

Makhdum Kund. This is the place of worship of a Muslim Sufi Saint Makhdum Shah and has warm springs like Tapodharma.

Cyclopean walls. Accepted to be 2500 years of age, these Cyclopean dividers are a 40 km long and 4 meters wide stronghold circling the city

Museum Rajgir Heritage Museum: It has a gathering of collectibles alongside a few Buddhist and Hindu statues, bronze idols of the Gupta and Pala period and earthenware pieces.
Things you can do Take a ride on the Rope Way

Enjoy a deep bath in a hot spring (Kund).

Nalanda

Image credit : Neilsatyam CC-BY-SA-3.0 Nalanda

Nalanda-Bihar was a Buddhist university set up in 450AD, and was the longest running academy in Indian history. Among its numerous striking visitors were the Buddha and Mahavira, and at its apex housed more than 10,000 students and more than 2,000 teachers. Though, it was decimated by Turkish Muslim trespassers in 1193, when the students and instructors were slaughtered and the gigantic college library was burned to the ground, and at present all that remaining parts are extensive ruins that are spread over an area of many hectares. At its pinnacle, the school draw researchers and students from near and far, with some coming from long distances like China, Korea, Tibet, and Central Asia. Methodical unearthings started in 1915 which uncovered eleven monasteries and six block sanctuaries carefully organized on grounds in many hectares.

How To Reach Nalanda

  • By Air : Patna airport is the nearest airport (100) Km.
  • By train : he nearest important station is Bihar Sharif (about 15 km) which is connected to Patna and several other important towns and cities of eastern India. Nalanda itself is a station.
  • By bus : Bus facilities are available from Patna, Gaya, Bihar Sharif and Rajgir.

Entry Fee Rs.200/- for foreigners
Entry time All days of the week 9.00 to 5. Photography is not allowed inside the museum

FACT FILE- NALANDA-BIHAR
To see Nalanda The main possibility to get around Nalanda is by Tonga (horse drawn cart). To travel from the town, up to the college remnants and exhibition hall may cost you just couple of rupees.

Nalanda Archeological Museum: The statues here are somewhat itemized and brimming with expression than other exhibition halls in the zone, and it's positively worth. It's around 150m down the way from the ticket office.  The gallery houses a huge accumulation of Pala and Mauryan statues. 10AM-5PM every day, closed on Fridays.

The Great Stupa: The remaining parts of the stupa have patios and littler stupas.  Entry fee Rs.200 for outsiders.

Nalanda Multimedia Museum: Great place to picture the History of Nalanda. It runs a few minute motion picture about the historical backdrop of Nalanda.

To way out from Nalanda Bodh Gaya (89km)

Rajgir (15km)

Patna (80km)

Sasaram

Sasaram-Bihar: There is an old story which says, here lived an evil spirit named Sahastrabahu during the period of Ramayana who was killed by Parsuram and it is how the name Sasaram for the place was received (Sasa from Sahastrabahu and ram from Parsuram).  Sasaram has an elevated red sandstone tomb of Sher Shah Suri worked in the Indo-Afghan style which remains amidst a simulated lake. It is known as one of the finest cases of medieval Islamic engineering in India. Sasaram area is also well known for its neighboring stunning fort of Sher Shah Suri at Rohtasgarh. It is likewise popular for Maa Tara Chandi Temple, where a huge gathering of devotees can be regularly seen in the month of sarawan. Manjhar Kund and Dhua Kund are the two waterfalls which add to Sasaram's natural attraction.

How To Reach Sasaram

  • By Rail : Sasaram has a Junction railway station which is located at Grand Chord. It is connected with Patna, Kolkata and New Delhi.
  • By Road : Sasaram Roads are well connected with major cities, both private and government buses are available.
FACT FILE - SASARAM, BIHAR
To see Sasaram The Kaimur Hills It gives an entrance to numerous different attractions of Sasaram like antiquated caves, tomb of Malik Wishal Khan, Gupta Mahadev temple, Parvati temple, and Bhaluni Dam. Manjhar Kund and Dhua Kund are two waterfalls which produce hydroelectric power.
Tombs Tomb of Hasan Khan Suri: There is another tomb of Hasan Khan Suri (Father of Sher Shah Suri) located 500m from the Tomb of Sher Shah Suri.

Tomb of Sher shah Shuri: This is the tomb of a powerful monarch of India Sher Shah. It is located in the center of a lake. The tomb is open for tourist round the year. Also, is controlled by Archeological survey of India.

Temples The temple of Maa Tara Chandi and tomb of Chandan Shaheed are both placed on the Chandan Shaheed Hill.
Other attractions Sukha Rauza, Samrat Ashok Pillar, tomb of Hasan Khan Sur, Rock-cut caves, Ashokan Inscription and along with Diwan-E-Khas and Diwan-E-Aam.

Muzaffarpur

Muzaffarpur-is a city of the state of Bihar. It is one of the most ancient and vital business and instructive centers of Bihar.  It is known as the Lychee capital of the nation. Muzaffarpur has numerous historical destinations, landmarks, temples and different spots of tourist attention. It is situated on the banks of the enduring Burhi Gandak River, which runs from the Someshwar Hills of Himalayas.

How To Reach Muzaffarpur

  • By Air : Gaya International Airport- 172 km away from the city.
    Jaiprakash Narayan International Airport 75 km from the city.
    PATAHI Airport Muzaffarpur, it is at NH 102 Rewa road.
  • By Train : Muzaffarpur Junction Railway Station is connected with Delhi and takes about 18-19 hours’ journey. It is better to book tickets earlier, the trains are over crowed.
  • By Road : Muzaffarpur is well-connected by bus to Patna, which is about 3.5hours away. There are direct buses to, Patna Gauhati Silliguri Ranchi etc.
FACT FILE OF MUZAFFARPUR - BIHAR
To see at Musaffarpur Shri Ram Temple: Shri Ram temple is one of the popular religious places. Located at "Sahu Pokhar in Muzaffarpur, it's one of the "Navratna" temples.
Kali Mata Temple – Sikandarpur: It is at the south coast of "Gandak" river. It is assumed it is made in the year of 1932 Devotees from different parts of the state visit the temple for worship.
Simri Mai Temple of Police Line: It is a renound "Devi Peeth", it is called Simri Mai. It is a tradition here to please "Bhagwati," coconut is broken by the devotees.
Baba Garibnath Temple and Chaturbhuj Sthan Temple.
Ram Chandra Shahi Museum: Established in the year 1979. The museum acquires a very good collection including artifacts and various art-objects of varied forms and classes. The gallery is famous for its rich collection of rare postage stamps.
Rajkhand: It is located about 5 km from Aurai-Saidpur road. There is an ancient temple of Bhairav Nath. A big cattle fair is conducted here every year on the occasion of Shivaratri festival.

Location map

Takht Sri Patna Sahib

Image credit : Neelsb CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated Takht Sri Patna Sahib

Takht Sri Patna Sahib, Bihar is a Gurdwara (Sikh place of adoration) in the area of Patna Sahib,. It was developed in commemoration of the homeland of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs. It was worked by Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780-1839), the main Maharaja of the Sikh Empire, who also constructed numerous other Gurdwara's in the Indian subcontinent.

Master Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru, spent his initial years here before moving to Anandpur. Other than being the homeland of Guru Gobind Singh, Patna was likewise respected by visitors from Guru Nanak and also Guru Tegh Bahadur.

Timing:  Open All Week 08:00-19:00

How To Reach Takht Sri Patna Sahib

  • By Train : The important two railway stations are Patna Junction and Patna Sahib railway station. Patna Junction connects with all major cities.
  • By Air : Jai Prakash Narayanan International Airport, it is 25 km away. The airport is connected with New Delhi and Kolkata.
  • By Road : The road network is well connected with all major cities.

Vikramashila

Vikramashila Bihar

Vikramashila was established by Pala ruler Dharmapala in the late eighth or mid ninth century. It succeeded for around four centuries before it was pulverized by Bakhtiyar Khilji together with the other important hubs of Buddhism in India.

It was one of the biggest Buddhist colleges, with more than one hundred educators and around one thousand students. It created prominent teachers who were regularly invited by outside nations to spread Buddhist philosophy, custom and faith. The most recognized and prominent among all was Atiśh Dipankar, a forefather of the Sarma customs of Tibetan Buddhism. Though different subjects were instructed here, the most significant branch of learning was tantrism.

How To Reach Vikramashila

  • By Air : Patna airport is nearest to Vikramashila. Flights are available to Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Ranchi and Lucknow.
  • By Train : Bhagalpur is the nearest railway station. It is connected with nearby major stations.
  • By Road : From Bhagalpur railway station you hire a car to reach Vikramashila.

Entry Fee for foreigners Rs.100

Timings: All days of the week 10:00 AM - 5:00 PM

Kutagarasala Vihara

Image credit : Bpilgrim CC-BY-SA-2.5 Kutagarasala Vihara

Kutagarasala Vihara-Bihar: It is situated 3 kilometers from the relic Stupa, and on its ground can be found the Ānanda Stupa, with an Asokan pillar in great state (may be the only perfect Asokan pillar left standing), and an antiquated pool. Kutagarasala Vihara is the monastry where Buddha much of the time stayed while going to Vaisali.

How To Reach Kutagarasala Vihara

  • By Road : Frequent buses are available from Patna. If you are coming in the evening better to take a taxi car.
  • By Train : Hajipur is the nearest railway station to Vaisali it is 35 km. express trains are available from Delhi and Barauni

Barabar Caves

Image credit : Klaus-Norbert CC-BY-3.0 Barabar Caves

The Barabar Caves- Bihar Most of the caves in Barabar comprise of two chambers, cut altogether out of felsic intrusive ingneous rock, with a profoundly cleaned inner surface and energizing reverberation impact.  It is one of the most ancient existing rock-cut caves in India, for the most part dating from the Maurya Empire (322–185 BC), some with Ashokan engravings, situated in Makhdumpur Block of Jehanabad region, north of Gaya, Bihar. The principal chamber was implied for people to gather in a huge rectangular area, and the second, a little, round, domed space for adoration, this inward space most likely had a small stupa like structure, however they are currently vacant.

Entry timing: All days of the week 6.00 AM to 6.00 PM

Entry Fee: Free

Visit duration: 3-4 hours

How To Reach Barabar Caves

From Gaya Junction, Railway Station Road, it is 29.4 km to Barabar Hill Road, Barabar, Sultanpur, Bihar

Rohtasgarh Fort

The Rohtasgarh Fort-Bihar

The Rohtasgarh Fort-Bihar It takes nearly 2 hours from Sasaram to arrive at the foot of the slope over which is the Rohtas fortress. It is also easily possible to come from (Dehri on Sone) town. It is a standout amongst the most antiquated fortresses of India situated in a residential area of Rohtas in Bihar. The Tradition of the Sone Valley is best symbolized by the Rohtas Fort which is a declaration of quality and authority. The glorious fortification lies in absolute condition of vestiges reminiscent of its remarkable past. Dehri on Sone town has great roadways to reach Rohtas stronghold by means of Rasoolpur. A frail door with a vault can be seen there, which is the first of many entryways accommodated all around monitored passages to the fortification.19

How To Reach Rohtasgarh Fort

Rohtasgarh Fort is 102km away from Sasaram which is well-connected to various cities through road and rail transport. There is no airport in Sasaram but Gaya is the nearest airdrome from where visitors can take a bus or train or hire a taxi to Sasaram.

Chhath Puja

Image credit : Cpjha13 CC-BY-SA-4.0 Chhath Puja

The Chhath Puja: According to the belief of the people in Bihar, Chhath Puja is devoted to the Sun god and his spouse to express gratitude toward them for offering the abundances of life on earth and to ask for the giving of specific wishes. This falls usually in the month of October or November in the Gregorian English Calendar. It is also called Dala Chhath, a popular celebration observed in Bihar, and in other states of India. Ghats have been made tidy, streets washed perfect and all courses of action are set up as people, basically from the states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are ready to witness their most valuable celebration of the year. It is Celebrated on the 6th day after Diwali.

Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti: In Bihar and Jharkhand, the celebration is observed on 14–15 January. It signifies the coming of warmer days and devoted to the Sun god.

On 14 January, Makar Sankranti has also observed in other names like Sakraat or Khichdi.  All over the nation, Hindu devotees make a dip in rivers and lakes and feast with their family members. The treats include chura, gur (jaggery), desserts made of til (sesame seeds), tilwa, maska, tilgul, curd, and fresh vegetables. Kite flying celebrations are arranged out, by the youngsters. Traditional meals are made by the ladies together. It is also celebrated by visiting the houses of family members and friends. As kite flying has an important role in this day, much of the time is spend by the youngsters with their friends outside.

Rama Navami

Image credit : Bcmnet Rama Navami

Rama Navami. It is observed by regular presentation of devotional songs of Rama and is considered as a Hindu celebration, praising the birthday of the god Rama. The sacred day usually celebrated in the ninth day of the month of Chaitra in the Hindu calendar. Statues of child Rama are kept on supports and danced by the followers of Rama. Free meals are also offered in this day. Since Rama is accepted to have been born at twelve, sanctuaries and family places of worship are extravagantly adorned with flowers and customary supplications and mantras droned together by the family, also the repetition of Vedic chanting of mantras and offerings are made. Rathayatras, the chariot parades, otherwise called Shobha yatras of Rama, Sita, Lakshmana and Hanuman, are taken out at many places.

Sonepur Cattle Fair-Bihar

Sonepur Cattle Fair-Bihar

Sonepur Cattle Fair-Bihar Fair begins by November and proceeded till December.   The most attractive pavilion is the Haathi Bazaar where elephants are arranged available to be purchased—in spite of the fact that they can't lawfully be sold. Many domesticated animals can be purchased at the Sonepur mela from all types of puppies, jackasses, goats, wild oxen, Persian stallions, horses, rabbits, and even the camels. Numerous assortments of fowls and poultry are also accessible. The Sonepur Fair is the main place where such uncommon sale of huge elephants take place. Various temporary shops are set up at the grounds of the Sonepur Cattle Fair. Since Sonepur is located at the meeting of the sacrosanct streams Ganges and Gandak, the Hindus see it as a heavenly site.

Teej Festival

Teej Festival. The celebration praises the abundance of nature, coming of rain clouds and rainy season, greenery and all the creations of god with social and cultural movements, ceremonies and rituals. It alludes to the monsoon celebrations, practiced especially in western and northern states of India. The celebrations for women, start by dances, songs, getting together with companions and narrating stories, sprucing up with henna-decorated hands and feet, wearing red, green or yellow garments, sharing sweets and bubbly food, and playing under trees on swings on Haryali Teej.